Dental problems have never been fun, but the good news is that most problems can be easily prevented. From tooth sensitivity to broken teeth to bad breath, we share some of the most common dental problems and possible causes, treatment, and prevention tips.
1. Gum disease
Severe gum infections can damage the gums and destroy the jawbone. Periodontitis is very common, but it can be prevented. The cause is usually poor oral hygiene. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss. This is a risk factor for heart and lung diseases. Symptoms include swelling, redness, and softening of the gums. Treatment includes professional cleaning of the pockets around the teeth to prevent damage to the surrounding bones. Advanced cases may require surgery.
It is also called gingivitis in the early stage and periodontal disease in the later stage. It refers to gum disease caused by infection of the gums around the teeth. Smoking, dry mouth, and diabetes increase the risk of gum disease, and if left untreated, it may cause tooth loss. Treatment options for gum disease may include scaling and root surgery.
2. Tooth decay
Tooth decay is damage to the teeth, which may lead to tooth decay, abscesses, and even shedding. It is caused by the activity of certain bacteria that can live in dental plaque.
When the plaque on your teeth combines with the sticky starchy foods you eat, it can cause tooth decay. This combination produces acids that erode tooth enamel. The best way to prevent tooth decay is to brush and floss your teeth once a day and check your teeth twice a year to protect your teeth and gums. Tooth decay treatment may involve fillings, crowns, or root canals.
3. Bad breath
The persistent unpleasant odor in the exhaled breath is usually not serious and is usually called bad breath. Halitosis also is known as Bad breath, is a common (embarrassing) oral disease. It may be caused by gum disease, tooth decay, dry mouth, and bacteria in the mouth. Although using mouthwash and drinking a lot of water can temporarily solve the problem, dealing with the underlying problem may be the best solution.
4. Tooth sensitivity
Tooth hypersensitivity or Dentin hypersensitivity is a common dental problem. This condition will develop over time due to common problems such as gum recession and tooth enamel wear. Most patients are between 20 and 50 years old. When the soft inside of the teeth called “teeth” is exposed, tooth sensitivity begins to appear. Dentin is located under the enamel and gums.
When teeth are exposed to hot or cold food and drinks, this common dental condition can cause pain or discomfort. Even brushing and flossing can cause discomfort. Causes include abscesses or broken teeth. Tooth sensitivity treatment can include bonding, root canal, or desensitization toothpaste.
5. Canker sore
Canker sores may develop in the mouth, making eating and drinking uncomfortable. Canker sores are usually caused by bacteria or viruses in the mouth and usually disappear on their own within two weeks. You can rely on over-the-counter drugs as they can relieve the pain.